The twenty-second element in the periodic table is titanium. It is a silver-colored metal that occurs naturally, often extracted from the earth’s crustal minerals, such as rutile, ilmenite, and sphene. The scientific community learned about it at the end of the 18th century and, by the 20th century, began using titanium in industrial applications. Read More…
Titanium MetalTitanium metal is an extremely strong, low density and highly corrosion resistant substance used in a wide variety of industrial applications for which these traits and others, such as heat resistance, are desirable.
We supply Titanium in Grade 2 and Grade 5, or 6Al 4V. Foil, sheet, rod, bar, plate, pipe. Call us for a prompt e-mail quote. metalmen has 100+ years of metal supply experience. Experience the metalmen difference.
Banner Service Corp., serving the precision machining industry since 1961, is a premier provider of cold finished bar solutions, offering titanium & exotic alloys for a variety of applications, including medical grade titanium bar products. Extensive inventory and unmatched precision processing capacity & capabilities for ground bars & tubing, and even machined parts, with very short lead times.
Future Metals’ focus is providing aircraft-grade titanium and other metal products to the aerospace industry. We offer titanium tubing, titanium sheet and titanium bar. We also distribute tubing, stringers & extrusions, sheet and bars in aluminum, alloys, high-temperature metals and stainless steel.
Online Metal Supply is your surplus metal warehouse offering guaranteed low prices for round titanium rods in different diameters & lengths and titanium sheet & plate in various dimensions. Plus, aluminum, brass, bronze, copper, magnesium, laminates, plastics, specialty alloys, steel and stainless steel too.
As an international producer of medical-grade products using our leading precision medical titanium wire, Fort Wayne Metals is a leader in medical wire. Since 1946, we have offered titanium and titanium alloys, round wire, flat wire and cables. Our medical wire ranges in diameter from .0005 - .250 inches.
It is thought that titanium metal has higher physical properties. It is believed to be a chemically inert substance. Titanium’s high strength-to-weight ratio makes it ideal for applications requiring lightweight, durable materials, such as dental work. Titanium has a low density of 4.5 g/cm3. Titanium metal has a melting point of 3000°F (1648°C) and a boiling point of 5432°F (3000°C). Titanium is valuable because of its exceptionally high melting and boiling temperatures.
Additionally, it is a malleable metal, especially in a climate devoid of oxygen. Titanium’s shiny grey-white look makes it ideal for coating other metals and for display. Furthermore, pure titanium dioxide has an optical dispersion greater than a diamond and is nearly clear due to its high refractive index. Compared to other metals, titanium has comparatively low electrical and thermal conductivities, but when chilled below its critical temperature of 0.49 K, it develops superconducting qualities. When deuterons bombard titanium in its basic form, it can become very radioactive.
Chemical Features of Titanium
Titanium metals and their alloys instantly oxidize as magnesium and aluminum when exposed to the air. Around 1,200°C, titanium begins to interact with oxygen molecules. Pure oxygen can still react with titanium at 610°C to produce titanium dioxide. When oxygen and water are present, titanium acts as an inert element.
Types of Titanium
Grade 1 Titanium: It is the most malleable, soft, and weldable grade of pure titanium. Grade 1 titanium is used often by the marine, medicinal, and architectural industries. The oxygen (O) % permitted for Grade 1 is the lowest of all the industrially pure grades. Therefore, an increase in oxygen is associated with each grade.
Grade 2 Titanium: Grade 2 titanium is very malleable and moderately strong. It is resistant to corrosion and oxidation. The most typical applications for grade 2 are in desalination, automobile parts, architecture, and aerospace.
Fabrication of Titanium Metals
Titanium is often produced through the Kroll process, which produces titanium metal. The Kroll process includes extraction, purification, creation of sponges, alloy creation, and molding. Most manufacturers specialize in one stage of this procedure. For instance, some manufacturers only make alloys, while others only produce sponges.
First, titanium ores made of rutile or ilmenite are separated. Mining corporations deliver ores to manufacturers, who cook the ores to 800°C using a fluid-bed reactor containing chlorine and carbon. A reaction occurs, producing carbon monoxide as a byproduct and impure titanium tetrachloride as a byproduct. Because titanium dioxide is still not pure after iron removal, the impurities are present in the TiCl4.
The TiCl4 is purified, first by being heated and then placed in a distillation tank. Precipitation and fractional distillation techniques are used to remove the present impurities. These two techniques eliminate all contaminants, particularly silicon, vanadium, magnesium, zirconium, and iron. After purification, manufacturers can create sponges, alloys, or fabricate titanium according to specific needs.
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Titanium Metal Informational Video
Titanium Power Pages
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