The twenty-second element in the periodic table is titanium. It is a silver-colored metal that occurs naturally, often extracted from the earth’s crustal minerals, such as rutile, ilmenite, and sphene. The scientific community learned about it at the end of the 18th century and, by the 20th century, began using titanium in industrial applications. Read More…
Leading Edge Metals & Alloys, Inc.Torrance, CA | 877-455-5362
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ATI Specialty MetalsMonroe, NC | 704-289-4511
ATI Specialty Metals produces titanium and titanium alloys. We can provide you with titanium bars, titanium ingots, titanium wire, slabs, custom shapes and more. Our titanium is developed to be used for aerospace, dental, industrial and medical applications. Some grades have cold formability or fatigue strength.$$$
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United Titanium, Inc.Wooster, OH | 844-321-4684
United Titanium is a leading titanium manufacturer and custom designer of high-quality titanium fasteners, titanium screws and other components for the aerospace, communications, dental, medical, petrochemical, pollution control and seawater engineering industries.$$$
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Physical Properties of Titanium
It is thought that titanium metal has higher physical properties. It is believed to be a chemically inert substance. Titanium’s high strength-to-weight ratio makes it ideal for applications requiring lightweight, durable materials, such as dental work. Titanium has a low density of 4.5 g/cm3. Titanium metal has a melting point of 3000°F (1648°C) and a boiling point of 5432°F (3000°C). Titanium is valuable because of its exceptionally high melting and boiling temperatures.
Additionally, it is a malleable metal, especially in a climate devoid of oxygen. Titanium’s shiny grey-white look makes it ideal for coating other metals and for display. Furthermore, pure titanium dioxide has an optical dispersion greater than a diamond and is nearly clear due to its high refractive index. Compared to other metals, titanium has comparatively low electrical and thermal conductivities, but when chilled below its critical temperature of 0.49 K, it develops superconducting qualities. When deuterons bombard titanium in its basic form, it can become very radioactive.
Chemical Features of Titanium
Titanium metals and their alloys instantly oxidize as magnesium and aluminum when exposed to the air. Around 1,200°C, titanium begins to interact with oxygen molecules. Pure oxygen can still react with titanium at 610°C to produce titanium dioxide. When oxygen and water are present, titanium acts as an inert element.
Types of Titanium
Grade 1 Titanium: It is the most malleable, soft, and weldable grade of pure titanium. Grade 1 titanium is used often by the marine, medicinal, and architectural industries. The oxygen (O) % permitted for Grade 1 is the lowest of all the industrially pure grades. Therefore, an increase in oxygen is associated with each grade.
Grade 2 Titanium: Grade 2 titanium is very malleable and moderately strong. It is resistant to corrosion and oxidation. The most typical applications for grade 2 are in desalination, automobile parts, architecture, and aerospace.
Fabrication of Titanium Metals
Titanium is often produced through the Kroll process, which produces titanium metal. The Kroll process includes extraction, purification, creation of sponges, alloy creation, and molding. Most manufacturers specialize in one stage of this procedure. For instance, some manufacturers only make alloys, while others only produce sponges.
First, titanium ores made of rutile or ilmenite are separated. Mining corporations deliver ores to manufacturers, who cook the ores to 800°C using a fluid-bed reactor containing chlorine and carbon. A reaction occurs, producing carbon monoxide as a byproduct and impure titanium tetrachloride as a byproduct. Because titanium dioxide is still not pure after iron removal, the impurities are present in the TiCl4.
The TiCl4 is purified, first by being heated and then placed in a distillation tank. Precipitation and fractional distillation techniques are used to remove the present impurities. These two techniques eliminate all contaminants, particularly silicon, vanadium, magnesium, zirconium, and iron. After purification, manufacturers can create sponges, alloys, or fabricate titanium according to specific needs.
Choosing the Correct Titanium Metal Supplier
To make sure you have the most productive outcome when purchasing titanium metal from a titanium metal supplier, it is important to compare at least 4 companies using our list of titanium metal suppliers. Each titanium metal supplier has a business profile page that highlights their areas of experience and capabilities and a contact form to directly communicate with the supplier for more information or request a quote. Review each titanium metal company website using our proprietary website previewer to get an idea of what each company specializes in, and then use our simple RFQ form to contact multiple titanium metal companies with the same message.